what is caste system
 Most people did not treat caste norms as given absolutes writes Bayly, but challenged, negotiated and adapted these norms to their circumstances. , According to Samuel, referencing George L. Hart, central aspects of the later Indian caste system may originate from the ritual kingship system prior to the arrival of Brahmanism, Buddhism and Jainism in India.  The legal code and colonial administrative practice was largely divided into Muslim law and Hindu law, the latter including laws for Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs. There are four varnas but thousands of jatis. Nonetheless, the caste system is still influential in Nepal’s social, economic, and political landscape. They report a striking presence of exogamous marriages across caste lines over time, particularly since the 1970s. There are no castes in species of animals or birds, so why should there be one among human animals. According to the jaat system, society is made up of four social classes which are the Sudra, the Vaishya, the Kshatriya, and the Brahmin. Beteille writes that "the Scheduled Castes of India taken together are no more a race than are the Brahmins taken together.  Hundreds of Hindu communities were brought under the Criminal Tribes Act. Thus caste, in so far as it connotes distinctions in status, is an evil. By Joseph Kiprop on October 23 2017 in World Facts.  Conversions to Islam were rare, states MacLein, and conversions attested by historical evidence confirms that the few who did convert were Brahmin Hindus (theoretically, the upper caste). Buddha responds by pointing out the basic facts of biological birth common to all men and asserts that the ability to draw service is obtained economically, not by divine right. Judged by the standards being applied to India, Gandhi claimed, every human society would fail. form of social stratification in which one's status is determined by birth and is lifelong (sociology The Purusha Sukta verse is now generally considered to have been inserted at a later date into the Rigveda, probably as a charter myth. In Group A and B jobs, the percentage of positions held by lowest caste classified people is 30% lower than their demographic percentage. While the caste system in its true form is only practiced in South Asia, countries around the world have had a history of practicing a form of societal stratification equivalent to the caste system. There is history of skin color defining Pak/Paleed, but that does not have historical roots, and was adopted by outsiders using analogy from Hindu Caste system. The Hindi film Achhut Kannya (Untouchable Maiden, 1936), starring Ashok Kumar and Devika Rani, was an early reformist film. Rooted in religion and based on a division of labor, the caste system, among other things, dictates the type of occupations a person can pursue and the social interactions that she may have. The presence of lowest caste people in highest paying, senior-most position jobs in India has increased by ten-fold, from 1.18 percent of all jobs in 1959 to 10.12 percent of all jobs in 1995. In all jobs classified as Group C positions, the percentage of jobs held by lowest caste people is about the same as their demographic population distribution.  This practice became controversial, did not enjoy the support of all British colonial officials, and in a few cases this decades-long practice was reversed at the start of the 20th century with the proclamation that people "could not be incarcerated indefinitely on the presumption of [inherited] bad character". According to Hart, it may be this model that provided the concerns with "pollution" of the members of low status groups. 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